The Use of Space and Technology

NASA is one of the most advanced organizations for the technology launched in space. Digital technology has changed the space program and it starts with the space ship, building a new space ship can take up to 4 to 10 years depending on the complexity and the resources. The average cost to launch a space ship is about $450 million per mission. The ships are used for quite a few things like to transport humans to the space station, to take satellites up and to launch machines to mine rock and take samples on different planets. Space ships have come a long way sense the beginning of NASA.

nasaLogo-570x450    There are many satellites orbiting the Earth right now. There is a variety of different types of satellites, low Earth orbit satellites are 160 km above Earth mainly meant for the military, these satellites can pick out tanks for miles away. These satellites usually have a short life span but luckily it is a very simple launch. Another thing NASA has done to go further in space and explore, is they built a massive satellite called Hubble. Hubble is the most advanced telescope NASA has made, launched in 1990 after being delayed for fixes but has now been flying through different solar systems capturing pictures where no man has been before. Hubble is still travelling through space discovering new planets and entering solar systems. Some satellites take pictures of Earth and then can tell meteorologists a prediction of the future weather such as hurricanes, Tsunamis and much more weather patterns.


This image was taken from the Space Shuttle Atlantis just after the Hubble Space Telescope was intercepted by the Shuttle’s robotic arm during Servicing Mission 4.



 The National Aeronautics and Space Administration was started in 1958 by founder Dwight Eisenhower, he was a high rank in the military and was then taken over by President John F. Kennedy. The space station known as the ISS serves as a microgravity and space research laboratory in which crew members conduct experiments in biology, human biology,physics,astronomy, meteorology and other fields of science. The station is suited for the testing of spacecraft systems and equipment required for missions to the Moon and Mars. The ISS maintains orbit with an altitude of 330 to 435 km above earth. It completes a 15.54 orbits per day. NASA is also looking to advance their plains to make them low carbon jet plain. Apollo 11 was the first mission successful for humans to make it to the Moon, goal set by John F Kennedy. The computers in the control room of Houston Texas were not strong compared to the ones we have now in days, but were able to preform its task well. The computer was programmed to do more than recognize error conditions. A complete set of recovery programs were installed into the software, incase the computers failed. controll room

NASA will keep researching and finding new solar systems and planets in the future. NASA has taken technology to a new level from space ships, to satellites they are going to keep upgrading and advancing technology for the use of space.




cellphones and cancer

by MW.

Have you ever heard the rumor “if you put your phone in your bra you’ll get breast cancer” or “blue tooth ear pieces give you brain tumors”? Well with all questions there is an answer. So, “can cell phones cause cancer?”

Cell phones do not cause cancer.

Cellphones including smart phones give off a form of energy known as radiofrequency waves.  At very high levels RF waves can heat up body tissue, basically a microwave, but cellphones have much lower levels and are not able to raise body temperatures. X-rays gamma-rays and ultraviolet light are stronger and are able to raise body temperatures and break the chemical bond in DNA. The amount of energy absorbed into the user’s body is known as the specific absorption rate (SAR). The limit of SAR allowed in the United States of America is 1.6 watts per kilogram of body weight. But with all the rules and regulations there are loopholes and SAR levels can become misleading.

Currently there is no consistent evidence that that non ionizing radiation from mobile phones increase the risk of cancer. The World Health organization (WHO) says that the electromagnetic fields produced by mobile phones are classified by the international Agency for Research on Cancer as a possible carcinogen in humans. The theory was that exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF’s) could lower the levels of a hormone called melatonin and that this could increase the risk of breast cancer. But after looking at the evidence and testing this theory it did not appear to cause breast cancer or affect the melatonin levels. So since cellphones are usually held up to the head when in use the main concern was whether they might cause or contribute to tumors in the head and neck area Such as; malignant (cancerous) brain tumors such as gliomas, Non-cancerous brain tumors such as meningioma’s, non-cancerous tumors of the nerve connecting the brain to the ear such as acoustic neuromas, Non-cancerous tumors of the salivary glands. The closer the antenna is to the head, the greater the expected exposure to R.F. energy is. In a recent small study in people, it was shown that cell phones may have some effects on the brain. Although it is not clear if they’re harmful. The study found that when people had an active cell phone up to their ear that side of the brain used up more glucose than did the other side of the brain. So body tissues closer to the cell phone absorb more energy than tissue farther away. Animal studies on long term exposure to electromagnetic fields have not shown any increased cancer risk. Some scientists have reported that the RF waves from cell phones produce effects in human cells ( in lab dishes) that might possibly help tumors grow, however, several studies in rats and mice have looked at whether RF energy might help promote tumor growth caused by other carcinogens, these studies did not find evidence of tumor promotion. In most cases studies do not provide enough evidence to show if something causes cancer in people, so researchers usually look at lab based and human studies. As it seems the radiation from a cell phone is not able to heat body tissue or to damage the DNA inside cells. So many scientists believe that cell phones do not cause cancer.

So as I mentioned earlier there have been many tests that have happened some of them are; the Danish cohort study which is a large and long term study that has been comparing al of the people in Denmark who had a cell phone somewhere in between 1982 and 1995. This was about 400000 people compared to those without a cellphone and this happened again in 2007 but there was no increased link between brain tumors, salivary gland tumors, or any form of cancer. Absolutely nothing.

The 13 country INTERPHONE study was the largest controlled study done to date. It looked at cell phone use of more than 5,000 people who developed brain tumors either gliomas or meningioma’s. They looked at their phone use for 10 or more years. There was a small suggestion of a small increased risk of glioma and meningioma in 10% of the people. They also compared more than 1000 people with acoustic neuromas to people without. There was no link between the two.

The us national toxicology program is going to expose large groups of mice and rats to RF energy for several hours a day for up to 2 years and observe the animals from birth to old age. This should help clear up some questions.

Cell phone use is constantly changing. People are using cell phones much more than they used to because of the juristic changes that they have gone threw since they were first

made. Because of this it is hard to do long term studies. And nearly impossible to look for future health problems. And children might be more effective to RF energy. And the life time exposure will most definitely have a change in the matter.

So for several reason’s results from labs have been inconclusive and technology is evolving so fast it is hard to study the effects it has on us, but with all the good information we have it is pointing toward the fact that there is no link between cell phones and cancer.




Parents: There are Benefits to your Child Playing Video Games

Written By SF

Parents often worry that video games have negative effects on their children’s behaviour and that playing them is damaging their development. They are concerned that playing video games may lead to aggression, result in laziness, addiction and are just a waste of time, with no real benefits. However, research is showing that there are many positive benefits from children playing video games. In other words, parents are in part, wrong. While it can be argued that video games are a beneficial source of stress relief and entertainment, they also improve certain skills. In particular playing certain video games can improve children’s critical thinking, problem solving abilities and hand-eye coordination.

Research has found that playing video games can improve a person’s critical thinking. Critical thinking is the ability to think clearly and rationally about what to do or what to believe. A critical thinker is able to reach a conclusion from what they know and they know how to make use of information to solve problems. A critical thinker  has the ability to be reflective and think independently. This skill is very important in the real world because a person that has critical thinking skills can:

  • Understand the links between ideas.
  • Determine the importance and relevance of arguments and ideas.
  • Recognise, build and appraise arguments.
  • Identify inconsistencies and errors in reasoning.
  • Approach problems in a consistent and systematic way.
  • Reflect on the justification of their assumptions, beliefs and values.

Research has found that people who frequently play video games, also known as gamers, can make decisions quickly and with little information. They are able to make inferences quickly and with the same level of accuracy as someone who waits for more information to make their choices. Researchers believe that action video games might create stronger connections between the part of the brain that collects information and the side of the brain that synthesizes and evaluates that information to make a decision. These improved connections make gamers more efficient decision makers. An example of a game that improves critical thinking is “World of Warcraft”. In “World of Warcraft”, the game is set in a fantasy world where the player must level up his character’s state by hunting, gathering, battling, questing, and crafting (making his own tools). As players become better at the game, they develop a higher sense of critical thinking that allows them to make the move of what they should do next.


            Video games, due to their interactive decision making nature, are a good way of improving a person’s problem solving skills. Most video games involve a series of puzzles and decisions. They often create situations where players not only must make decisions, they must make them quickly and frequently to adapt to changing circumstances. Simulation games like “Grand Theft Auto” help improve making decisions under pressure as well as process information faster. Some video games such as “Cut the Rope” train the brain to come up with creative ways to solve problems. In “Cut the Rope” players must cut a piece of rope in such a way that it will allow an object to fall from the top of the screen to a specific point at the bottom of the screen with each level becoming more difficult.


People who regularly play action video games, like “Call of Duty” or “Assassin’s Creed“, are better able to learn new sensorimotor skills, like hand-eye coordination. Sensorimotor skills rely on using what you see with your eyes and coordinating with your muscles so that they move as the player wants them to. Research found that hand-eye coordination improved with increased practice. In time, the hand-eye coordination, becomes second nature while playing these video games. As well as hand-eye coordination, when gamers play shooter games, they have a lot to keep track of. The characters are often running and shooting at the same time. This means the player has to track of their positions, speed, direction and movement. Playing such games improves reaction time and spatial abilities. In the real world, good sensorimotor skills are important for surgeons who require extremely accurate control. Perhaps doctors should spend more of their free time playing “Call of Duty” to enhance their surgical skills.


Just like exercise builds muscles, playing video games can affect your brain structure in positive ways. Playing video games increase the brain’s gray matter and those parts of the brain involved in problem solving, critical thinking and hand eye coordination. Video game players are constantly presented with various problems, many of which they must solve in a split second. This improves critical-thinking skills and can teach gamers the value of trying several different solutions to a problem and thereby using their problem solving skills while improving hand-eye coordination. Parents may want to rethink their position about their children playing video games. There are some clear benefits. Playing video games just may result in their children becoming critical-thinking-problem-solving surgeons.


Works Cited











How Face Time and Skype have changed communication

By ARfacetime-for-pc


I like talking about this topic because it has definitely impacted my life in the way people communicate. When my Dad was in the hospital after his surgery, my mom would Face Time him into my volleyball games or basketball games. This helped my Dad because he was in a lot of pain but watching my games would help distract him for a while. Skype and Face Time have changed communication in many ways, from in our general lives to our lives at work.


First I would like to talk about how video chatting actually came to be. Many people do not know that it was Skype that was invented first, but because it was so expensive in the beginning hardly anybody used it. Only really big companies could afford something like a conference call over Skype. Video chatting wasn’t popular until the new apple iphone came out with Face Time which was free with the phone so that people could actually use it. The first version ever of Skype was released August 29 2003. The skype software was created by Ahti Heinla, Priit Kasealu and Jaan Tallin. ”Wikipedia” Now Face Time and Skype are pretty much the best way to long distance with other people around the world or even just in your city. Basically, “Skype is essentially a freemium voice-over-IP service, also known as VoIP, that allows registered users to communicate online via online video calling.” The software used to create video chatting requires a camera either on the inside or outside of the electronic device with a microphone and internet connection. “It involves session ignition protocol that create and send multimedia data packets via a network connection.” “Widder”


Skype and Face Time are very useful in our everyday lives. It has never been easier to have a little chat before bed with your friend in Asia or tell someone the good news in New York. For instance, people who are deaf didn’t really have a use for a phone, but now you can click Face Time and have a full on conversation with one of our friends who is also deaf because you can see them doing their sign language. If you’re a Grandparent all the way out in British Columbia and wanting to see your grandchildren in Prince Edward Island, with just a click of a button you could be talking to them about how their day at school was. If your parents are divorced and you are at your mom’s but she is terrible at doing algebra but your dad isn’t, just call him up on Face Time or Skype and he could help you through it step by step. “Schmundt” It is the same if you’re a tutor and you can’t get to your student today. You could Skype them and then your problem is solved. Long distance relationships work the same way too. You can say goodnight to your boyfriend every single night because of this great invention of Face Time. If you are in a long distance relationship, Face Time could make the difference of staying together or breaking up because you still get to see their face everyday instead of just hearing their voice. “Schmundt” If you are feeling really down on yourself and all you need is to jam it out on your guitar with your friends half way across the country, just Face Time them and you are feeling great again. “Fulton”


Now there are also useful ways to use Skype or Face Time in our work lives. Instead of using Face Time or Skype, companies can use professional video chatting systems like Tandberg for videoconferencing. Video chatting can also be used to actually do your job, like giving yoga lessons to a class who needs a yoga teacher. Everyone who was there sends a cheque in the mail with their money from all the yoga classes that they have taken that month. The same goes if you already have a job but you would like to have some more money rolling in each month. Send out an ad saying that you can give language lessons even if you don’t live in the same country as them. This is why using Face Time or Skype is great for work. “Schmundt”


The way Face Time really changes the way we actually communicate is that we can actually see what they are doing. When you are talking to someone online, it is easy to stay focused, because if you are trying to do something else then the person on the other side will recognize that and stop the conversation. It also eliminates the frustration of not seeing their face. Say someone is trying to describe something to you on the phone, it is not going to be very accurate, But if they can actually show you with Skype then you can actually understand what they are describing. In other words you can see what the other person is seeing. “Dye”

In conclusion Face Time and Skype can change the way you physically communicate with one another online, change how you communicate with others in your daily lives, or in your work lives.

Works Cited

Schmundt, Hilmar. “Face Time: How Video Calls Are Changing Our Daily Life – SPIEGEL ONLINE.” SPIEGEL ONLINE. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Jan. 2016 .

Dye, Eric. “5 Ways Facetime Will Change the Way We Communicate – ChurchMag.” ChurchMag. N.p., 30 June 2010. Web. 21 Jan. 2016.

Fulton, Kane. “Skype Turns 10: How the Video Star Changed Communication Forever.” TechRadar. N.p., 29 Aug. 2013. Web. 21 Jan. 2016.

Widder, Brandon. “How Skype Works: What’s behind the Premiere Online Calling Service.” Digital Trends. N.p., 25 Sept. 2013. Web. 25 Jan. 2016. <;.

Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 25 Jan. 2016. <;.

(pictures in order)

Benefits of Building Video Calling For Your Business:















How digital technology affects our health

By: AF

In a recent survey it was shown that about 1 in 3 americans would rather lose their finger than to lose their phone. This proves how much we are addicted to our phones, iPads, iPods, and other devices, because we would literally cut off our finger than be separated from our device for a while. Another survey says that about 1 in 10 americans would rather their mother-in-law die than lose their phone, which I think is just terrible because you would rather have your phone for your own entertainment, than keep your mother-in-law alive, who’s an actual living human being. This is why I think digital technology is a very big issue and its starting to affect our health in very bad ways. Digital technology can potentially make you obese, it weekend your eyes( sometimes resulting in needing glasses), it damages your skin, and it also causes stress caused injurieskids-on-phones


Digital technology definitely affects our eyes, way more than we know. Our eye was not originally created to be staring at a screen with a bright light all day, in fact it is possible that you can get a temporary disorder from staring at a screen too long, This disorder is calledComputer Vision Syndrome and some of the symptoms are eyestrain, tired eyes, irritation, redness, blurred vision, and double vision. It was also proven that those who are constantly on their phone, iPad, iPod, or any other device, have significantly higher chance of needing glasses due to overuse and strain in the eye. Our eyes are very delicate and fragile, once you lose your eyes, then you wont be able to see again. So we should be taking care of them, and protecting them from getting damaged or broken, a solution for this is to spend less time on our devices, and instead, go outside for a walk, or spend time with our friends and family. Go play a sport or do something new, do something that won’t be potentially threatening to your eye. I think that of you’re on your phone or device so much that your eyes get strained and you need glasses, that’s a serious sign that that you are spending way too much time on your device and not enough time outside or being active. The average person spends about nine hours a day on their phone, or other device. This is very unhealthy for the eye and it should be much lower. But instead the number of hours has even raised from nine hours a day to ten hours. Thats almost half of our day that we are wasting on social media and entertainment like games or movies. This is definitely way too much and that number should be way lower. opternative1

Another thing that is really affected by digital media, is our skin and face. Our devices sometimes don’t seem very bright, but they are actually constantly emitting a blue light, which ages and wrinkles your skin. People who are constantly on their phone are prone to get tech neck, which is when you have drooping jowls, sagging skin, and a noticeable crease above your clavicle bone. Also, from constantly squinting at the bright light, or small font, you can develop crows feet around your eyes. Our devices emit electronic magnetic fields, or EMF’s for short. EMF’s reach the deepest point in our skin, and then they damage and break it. Scientists have proven that phones and devices can cause allergic reactions for some people, from the phone rubbing on your skin all the time. This is because of the nickel and chromium in the phone, which causes a skin reaction called Allergic Contact Dermatitis, causing you to develop a rash on your face and fingers. A way to prevent this from happening is to get a screen protector, which will prevent your skin from rubbing directly on the phone. When you are talking with your friend on the phone for a long period of time, usually the phone starts to get really hot, well this actually burns your skin. The overheating in your phone can cause dark spots on your face, mess up your melanin production, and cause discolouration. You can prevent these symptoms by using speakerphone or bluetooth, or you could just not talk on the phone as long.



One of the major sources of obesity has been confirmed to be from spending way too much time on phones and not enough time being active outside or being social with other people. This problem has intensified and will continue to become more intense as the years pass if we do nothing about it. A recent study has shown that for every hour a child spends playing video games, on their phone, or just sitting in front of any screen, their obesity risk is doubled. That means one more Childs life could be potentially ruined or destroyed if they spend as little as one hour per day on their device. So many people have become extremely sick due to obesity and have had to get surgery, and other medical procedures, just to maintain their health so they don’t die. Some were to late to act, and have dies because of obesity, leaving behind their loved ones who now mourn over them. Maybe parents that lost their child because of not being strict enough, and now are thinking, if only i would have done something differently.

In conclusion, now you know how digital technology, and being on your screen for long periods of time, is actually very harmful to your body, and for your overall health. So instead of being on a screen all of the time, you should continue to develop personal relationships with your friends and family, or you could be active and go for a run or play a sport.

Writing Online: The Good, the Bad, and the Impact


Writing has changed a lot in my lifetime.  Newer and more advanced digital technology is continually changing the way we write.  It has changed the amount of people reading annually, blogging and writing websites, and it has affected other people.  I’ll start with a story about my own experiences with writing and technology.

When I was young, I wrote a lot.   In a school where I often felt lonely, I would write and create worlds that I could get lost in.  In grade three, I wrote a fifty page story that was about a herd of wild horses.  I admit, sometimes I would daydream about those places instead of listening to my teachers drone on about stuff I already knew.  Since I was a history nerd, I would get obsessed with different events or past cultures.  You could usually tell by what stories I wrote which culture I was currently obsessed with.  World War ||, Ancient Greek gods, the Titanic.  If it happened, I probably wrote a story about it.

When I got my iPad, my writing switched from paper to my device.  It made it easier to store and save my stories as well as edit them, but I still rarely shared them with anyone.  This is when I discovered Wattpad and gained a new friend through mutual interests in YouTubers and one Wattpad story.

When I started writing on Wattpad, I was blown away by the feedback I received.  I was finally able to share my writing with people who would appreciate my humour and potential.  Although I’m far from the most popular writer on the site, I have good status.

My personal writing experiences aside, it’s common knowledge that not everyone likes reading or writing.  Studies done by Huffington Post in 2013 show that less and less people are even reading after they leave high school, much less writing after high school.  Their statistics show that 28% of Americans have not read a book in the past year.  Of course, this was 2013, so who knows how much that has changed?  Some of their other stats show that 41% of Americans 18 and up have not read any fictional books in the past 12 months and 42% of Americans 18 and up have not read any non-fiction books in the past 12 months.  For more information, you can visit the Huffington Post blog site below.

The world of writing is changing dramatically right under our fingertips through blogging and writing websites.  Creative writing online can be wonderful, but there are also some cons.  Some of those cons are that writing can be really popular, but really bad.  Your work can be easily stolen, although some websites have a block so that you can’t copy-paste someone else’s book.  The hate that you can get can be enough to stop people from posting their stories, and after you post, your writing is out there forever.  It can put a dark mark on future job opportunities, especially for people who write graphic smut.

The positives, in my eyes, weigh out the negatives.  Your readers can give you instant feedback, which allows you to improve your skills.  Publishing companies can discover you and help you become a professional author, which is a dream come true for many writers on these websites.  But the best part of all of this is that you can write about the things you love and share it with other people who love the same thing.  The support you can get from your fans is astonishing and can brighten a very gloomy day.

Blog posts are completely different in their pros and cons.  Some of those cons are that good blogs require regular updates, which can be difficult for those with jobs.  Amateurs can start them and negatively affect their readers by giving them false information, being a poor role model, etcetera.  Being too honest in a blog post can lead to trouble, and if it’s done badly, it can be a bad reflection of your business or personality.  You can read more about this at:

However, starting a blog is easy and can help you or your company get noticed.  It can create a great sense of community and the outreach is amazing, so if you have some tips or tricks that could help someone, feel free to start a blog.  It could be great!  There’s one point that could be a pro or a con, and that’s that it could help or hinder your ability to get a job, just like creative writing online can.  Think before you post!


I decided that one of the best ways to understand how people are affected by writing online besides my own experience was to interview a Wattpad writer.  Wattpad is a website where people can read and write books of any topic.  Each month, 35 million people visit the site.  Among them, there are over 2 million writers.  The site has over 100,000 stories, and 30 of those belong to my sister Hope.  She has been on the site since April 6th, 2014 and has accumulated 1905 followers.  I asked her a few questions about her experience, and here are her answers.

Me: What has been your proudest achievement so far on Wattpad?

Hope: Getting 600,000 reads on one of my books.

Me: What’s your favourite part of being on Wattpad?

Hope: I like getting support from my readers and gaining feedback.  It’s a very interactive community.

Me: Have you ever gotten any hate?

Hope: Yes.  It’s all ridiculous and I can ignore it.

Me: Do you ever plan to quit Wattpad?

Hope: No.  At best it remains a hobby and I’ll just keep it around for when I’m older.  I plan to keep writing for a while.

I think that online writing is more of a positive than a negative.  People’s lives have been changed, mine amongst many others, for the better.  I know that life would be very different if I hadn’t started sharing my stories online.  Sharing my writing online taught me that I can be who I am and that I don’t have to change my personality to fit the mould that everyone else is desperate to fit.  Being yourself is one of the most important things to be, and through writing, I can show everyone that I believe it.

Works Cited:


“POLL: 28 Percent of Americans Have Not Read a Book in the past Year.” Huffpost Books. N.p., 7 Oct.
     2013. Web. 22 Jan. 2016. <
Price, Ariel K. “8 Online Writing Communities to Know about.” AKP. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Jan. 2016.
“Wattpad.” Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Jan. 2016. <
McKeough, Tim. “The Pros and Cons of Blogging.” Elle Decor. N.p., 16 Aug. 2011 \. Web. 20 Jan. 2016.


How Digital Technology Affects the Environment


“The UN has calculated that producing the average computer and monitor requires 530 pounds
of fossil fuels, 48 pounds of chemicals and 1.5 tons of water.
Santa Clara county, California is a major centre for producing semiconductors for computers. As a result, Santa Clara County has more EPA-[Environmental Protection Agency] identified toxic waste sites, called Superfund sites, than any where else in the USA.” (Soltan)
Digital technology affects the environment in negative ways, before you buy your device, and after. This is called pre-consumer (before you buy the device), and post-consumer (after you have used it, and it’s been thrown away).  “At a vast dumpsite in the west of Ghana’s capital Accra, small fires burn among piles of old computers, television screens and laptops, throwing plumes of thick black smoke into the air. Around them, workers pick out motherboards, valuable metals and copper wires, burning away the plastic casings as they go-filling the air with toxic fumes. This is one of the biggest dumps for electronic waste in the world, and among the most polluted places on earth. Every year hundreds of thousands of tonnes of e-waste find their way here from Europe and North America, where they are stripped of their valuable metals in the crudest form of recycling.” (Lane)

_87515806_img_1611 (

This shows that we are unknowingly polluting the earth with our lust for smartphones, laptops, computers, the latest flat screen tv, and many other things that we throw out after only a few years of use.
There are many examples of places that have been very polluted because of improper electronic recycling. “Hidden in an unknown corner of Inner Mongolia is a toxic, nightmarish lake created by our thirst for smartphones, consumer gadgets, and green tech,” (Maughan)

( Young/Unknown fields)

The thought that there is a man-made lake that was created to store all the waste that comes from the factories that make our smartphones, laptops and televisions is a scary thought, because we are unknowingly polluting our earth with the electronics we think that we need.
“The report points [out] that a drive in rising sales and shorter life-spans for electronic goods will increase global volumes of e-waste, which are likely to rise by more than 20 percent to 50 million tonnes in 2018.” (Jozuka)

( Bates)

This says that we will start throwing out our digital electronics sooner, and that there will be 50 million tonnes of e-waste in 2018.
Clay collected from the polluted Mongolian lake referred to earlier “The clay we collected from the toxic lake tested at around three times background radiation”  (Maughan)
Background radiation is a relatively constant low-level radiation, it was three times background radiation, that is a high concentration of radiation.
“In 2012, the US generated more than 9 million tons of e-waste, which was a huge jump from its 2 million tons in 2005. According to the EPA, 141 million mobile devices were ready for end-of-life management in 2008, but they made up less than 1% of discarded electronics. Of the electronic waste the US generated, only 25% was recycled. The other 75% was sent to landfills in the US or abroad.” (Gilpin)

Toxics e-waste documentation (China : 2005)

A small Chinese child sitting among cables and e-waste, Guiyu, China. Much of modern electronic equipment contains toxic ingredients. Vast amounts are routinely and often illegally shipped as waste from Europe, USA and Japan to countries in Asia as it is easier and cheaper to dump the problem on poorer countries with lower environmental standards. This practise exposes the workers and communities involved in dismantling e-waste to serious, environmental problems, danger and health hazards. Greenpeace is strongly urging major manufactures to exclude toxic materials from their products.

( Behring-Chisholm/Wikimedia Commons)

Now you are wondering what your device can be turned into because you recycled it properly.
“The metal from these devices can be used for many things, if extracted properly. Cell phone batteries and metals inside the phone can be used to make new ones, or for jewelry, art, metal plates or other electronics. A company in India, Attero, extracts metals like gold, platinum and selenium safely from used devices, refurbishes others, and helps businesses with end-to-end electronic asset management. It’s a small dent in the grand scheme, but companies like this are important—and profitable.” (Gilpin)

( Commons)

Most of our devices that we have gotten rid of end up in a few main places;
Accra (Ghana), Lagos (Nigeria), Karachi (Pakistan), Delhi (India), and Guiyu (China).
In most of these places, children work at taking apart all of the illegally transported goods. These children often get very sick from radiation, without knowing it.
If you want to prevent a child from getting sick from taking apart your device, there are places that are in Winnipeg that truly recycle your devices, one of them is called Mother Earth Recycling, many familiar places recycle to Mother Earth, some of them include; CP Rail, CTV Winnipeg, St. Boniface Hospital, Victoria Hospital and Winnipeg Free Press. I think we should think about where our devices are going, and we are encouraged to recycle to trustworthy sources.


Works Cited

Gilpin, Lyndsey. “The Depressing Truth about E-waste: 10 Things to Know –   TechRepublic.” TechRepublic. 11 June 2014. Web. 03 Feb. 2016.
Jozuka, Emiko. “The World Produced a Staggering 41.8 Million Tonnes of E-Waste in 2014.” Motherboard. Web. 03 Feb. 2016.
Lane, Edwin. “Where Many of Our Electronic Goods Go to Die – BBC News.”
BBC News. Web. 03 Feb. 2016.
Maughan, Tim. “The Dystopian Lake Filled by the World’s Tech Lust.”
BBC. Web. 03 Feb. 2016.
Soltan, Liz. “Technology Depleting Resources and Pollution.” Digital Responsibility.
Web. 03 Feb. 2016.